Join over 94,000 students, learn all you need to know about Bitcoin. One Email a Day, 7 Days in a Row. Bitcoins aren’t printed out like is bitcoin mining profitable 2014 super money, they are mined out of the system.
A miner is just a person with a computer that runs a mining program on it. Just like any other natural resource, there is a finite amount of Bitcoins. So the maximum amount of Bitcoins that can be generated is 21 million. Until today over 12 million Bitcoins were mined. Just like real world mining, you need to invest energy in order to extract these Bitcoins.
Bitcoins are generated and awarded to him. But miners don’t just generate new Bitcoins. They also use their computers to verify transactions and prevent fraud. So more miners means faster transaction verifications and less fraud. That’s why we want to compensate miners for their hard work. When verifying a transaction the miner gets a small fee out of that transaction for his work.